Obesity and Fertility
The journey to pregnancy is different for everyone. While some couples are blessed, others find themselves struggling to conceive for months or even years. There are several possible reasons for not conceiving, including ovulation irregularities, structural problems in the reproductive system, low sperm count, or an underlying medical problem. Some problems can only be dealt with fertility experts while we try to be healthy and prevent potential fertility problems. Maintaining a healthy weight is definitely one of the key factors that affect fertility.
Weight is an important consideration for both men and women in the preconception period. This is because being overweight can cause problems with hormone levels which affect a woman’s menstrual cycle and the quality of eggs. Men who are significantly overweight generally have poorer sperm quality than those have a healthy weight. Often, when a man is extremely obese he will also have erectile difficulties.
Being a healthy weight does not always guarantee fertility but your weight will undoubtedly impact your baby-making abilities says Dr. Arpitha Reddy, the best fertility expert in Hyderabad
How does obesity impacts fertility?
Excess weight or obesity can disturb your chances of getting pregnant. Obesity has a number of effects on your fertility as well as your partners.
Here is a list of effects on how obesity and fertility are related.
Weight can influence the amount of estrogen
Many people know that their ovaries produce estrogen, however, some don’t know that adipose tissue or fat cells also produce some estrogen. When you are at healthy body weight, you have a higher chance of producing the required amount of estrogen. But, when you are overweight or obese your adipose tissue (fat cells) produce more estrogen than necessary which prevents regular ovulation. Your body requires a good balance of hormones to ovulate properly and having a high amount of estrogen can throw off the balance.
According to Mum’s fertility specialists, being significantly underweight can affect hormone production and prevent normal ovulation. In addition, being underweight can stop menstruation altogether, known as amenorrhea.
Overweight increases your risk of insulin resistance
Insulin resistance not only leads to type2 diabetes, but it can also have a negative impact on fertility. Basically, insulin is to move glucose from the bloodstream to the cells and having a high level of insulin in your blood can cause metabolic disturbances that can affect ovulation.
Insulin resistance, which means defects in insulin secretion, have been connected with Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOs), which also lead to fertility issues. The cause of PCOs might result in increased androgen production, which can be a problem of ovulation.
Not everyone with insulin resistance will have PCOS but also women who have insulin resistance without PCOs also experience ovulatory dysfunction.
Obesity can impact male fertility too
If anyone says that fertility problems are a woman’s issue, it’s not at all true. As per fertility experts, in about 35 percent of couples, a male issue is identified along with female issue. Also, in about 8 percent of cases especially male issue is identified as a sole reason for infertility issues. In men, obesity is associated with lower testosterone, weakened sperm quality and a higher rate of erectile dysfunction.
According to studies, men with a waist size of more than 40 inches will more likely have erectile dysfunction
Obesity can also impact assisted pregnancy rates and pregnancy-related complications.
Women with a higher Body Mass Index (BMI) don’t respond to fertility treatments like in vitro fertilization as well. However, higher BMI also increases the chance of pregnancy-related complications. The common factors of increased miscarriage rates among obese and overweight women are not exactly unknown, but problems like PCOS and insulin resistance might play a role.
Babies born to obese women have an increased risk of having childbirth defects, such as heart defects and neural tube issues.
Obesity affects your hormones
When your body mass index goes to the obese category(greater than 35) may decrease the rate of fertility and increase pregnancy-related complications(such as miscarriage and hypertension). Fertility experts say that for many individuals, it’s not easy to change the BMI. In addition, Hormonal changes may occur in your body.
When the levels of natural hormones are abnormal, your chances of conception may decrease.
Once you have ruled out weight as a cause for your infertility, it is the time to visit the best fertility specialist if you are still struggling to conceive. Looking for a fertility doctor in Hyderabad? Visit Mum’s fertility center, the qualified and trusted fertility experts that help fertility issues in both men and women.