Metabolic Care for Women - Symptoms & Risk Factors

What is Metabolic Syndrome?

Metabolic syndrome is an array of abnormal medical conditions that increase the risk of developing heart diseases, stroke and diabetes. It is also known as “Syndrome X”. Metabolic syndrome criteria is a cluster of at least three of the five following medical conditions like central obesity, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high serum triglycerides, and low serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL).The metabolic syndrome symptoms develops with age. It commonly affects the old age groups.

Metabolic Syndrome Symptoms

The syndrome is linked to a condition called insulin resistance. Here, the body does not use insulin efficiently to lower glucose and triglyceride levels. Being obese or overweight, improper diet, physical inactivity and interrupted sleep patterns can trigger the condition.

Metabolic Syndrome Criteria

Usually medical problems associated with the syndrome develop over time. One sign that could be observed is a large waist circumference. If the blood sugar levels in the body is high, one might notice the signs and symptoms of diabetes. They include increased thirst and urination, fatigue, and blurred vision. The syndrome is present if three or more of the following five criteria are met.
5 criteria for metabolic syndrome
5 criteria for metabolic syndrome

Risk factors

A range of factors and complications can increase the chances of having the syndrome
  • Age :

    The prevalence of syndrome increases with age, commonly affecting 60 to 70 years age groups.

  • Ethnicity :

    Certain ethnic backgrounds are at a higher risk of developing the syndrome. It appears that about one-third of U.S. adults are facing it.

  • Obesity :

    Carrying too much weight, especially in the abdomen, can also increase the risk.

  • Diabetes :

    A woman is more likely to pick-up syndrome if she had diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes). It is also seen amidst a family background with type 2 diabetes.

  • Type 2 diabetes :

    If proper lifestyle changes to control excess weight is not made, one may develop insulin resistance. This can cause the blood sugar levels to rise, eventually leading to type 2 diabetes.

  • Heart and blood vessel disease :

    High cholesterol and high blood pressure can contribute to the build up of plaque in arteries. These plaques can narrow and harden the arteries, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke.

  • Other disease :

    Risk of the syndrome is also seen higher in people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, polycystic ovary syndrome before or with sleep apnea.

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