Diabetes Types, Risks & Care

Diabetes Types, Risks & Care

What is Diabetes ?

Diabetes is a complex group of diseases marked by high blood glucose (blood sugar) due to the body’s inability to make or use insulin. Diabetes can lead to serious complications, including heart disease, stroke, hypertension, blindness, kidney disease, diseases of the nervous system and sometimes-premature death.

People of any age group can be diagnosed with diabetes, and it is especially common to be diagnosed during childhood or as a senior citizen. It is commonly affecting nearly 10 percent of the total population in the world. Proper diabetes management is essential to control blood glucose levels, reduce risks for complications and prolong life.

Types of Diabetes

  • Type 1: This diabetes arises when the body does not make insulin. Children and young adults are commonly diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes or juvenile diabetes.
  • Type 2: This condition arises when the body does not use insulin properly. It makes too much insulin and over time, it cannot make enough to keep the blood sugar levels stable. Most people with diabetes will have Type 2.
  • Gestational: This diabetes occurs only during pregnancy, and disappears after delivery.
  • Prediabetes: A potentially reversible type of diabetes where the blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes.

Risk Factors

Risk factors vary depending on the type of diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes

  • Damage of immune system cells
  • Family history, especially a parent or sibling with Type 1 diabetes
  • Environmental factors, such as exposure to certain viruses
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • Geographical conditions

Type 2 or Prediabetes

  • Overweight
  • Inactivity or lack of exercise
  • Family history, especially a parent or sibling with Type 2 diabetes
  • Race, especially Asians, Hispanic, or Americans
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
  • Low HDL cholesterol levels
  • High triglyceride levels
  • High blood pressure
  • Risk increases with age though any age can be affected
  • Gestational diabetes raises the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.

Prevention

Juvenile diabetes or Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented. However, with some measures, it is possible to prevent or reduce the risk of Type 2 diabetes or prediabetes.

They include

  • Implement healthy food choices : Focus on fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Try to include more fiber and less fat in diet.
  • Exercise : It is recommended to get 30 minutes of physical activity every day. It can be as simple as going on a walk with friends or family. It can also be achieved in several shorter sessions.
  • Monitor your weight : Keeping body weight within the normal range greatly decreases the risk of diabetes and many other health problems. It can be tough at one stretch, but in the end, it carries multiple health benefits.

What is Comprehensive Diabetic Care ?

Comprehensive care is an approach that cares for the entire patient’s need, not just treating the problem with medicine, but adding in the latest research, treatments, and patient education. Comprehensive care treats the whole person, as a big picture. If you are diagnosed with any type of diabetes, comprehensive care is where to look at.

At Mums Diabetes & Obesity Centre, we have a program that fits your busy schedule. You will learn everything you need to know about medications, eating habits, exercise, and blood glucose monitoring.

Our comprehensive diabetic care centre offers diagnosis, testing, patient education, management help, and resources to allow all doctors to work together. Even though cure for diabetes is not present, comprehensive care can help you lead a full and mostly normal life. Early Diagnosis & Treatment of diabetes is key to prevent life-threatening complications. Managing diabetes is no more of an art!

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